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Network Ports Isolator in Mesos Containerizer
When tasks run in the host network namespace, a scheduler typically assigns ports resources to them and they must only listen on the network ports they have been assigned. If a task listens on the wrong ports, the resulting failures can be hard to diagnose.
The network ports isolator enforces task port assignments by periodically
scanning the set of ports every task is listening on and reconciling that
information against the corresponding ports resources. If a task is found
to be listening on a port that has not been allocated to it, the task
will be killed and the its framework will receive a status update with
REASON_CONTAINER_LIMITATION. The port(s) that triggered the
limitation will be reported as resources in the status update. If the task
is a member of a task group,
the limitation is raised against the root of the task group (i.e. the
executor’s container). This behavior is consistent across all the Mesos
The network ports isolator is not compiled into Mesos by default. To
enable it in build, specify the
libnl3 version 3.2.26 or higher is required at both build and deployment time.
To enable the network ports isolator, append
network/ports to the
--isolation flag when starting the agent.
The network ports isolator requires that the Mesos agent is configured
to use the Linux launcher (i.e. the agent has the
flag), because it uses Linux cgroups to track the processes belonging
to a Mesos task.
--enforce_container_ports flag, specifies whether the network
ports isolator should terminate tasks that listen on ports they have
not been assigned. If enforcement is disabled, the isolator will log
violations but will not terminate tasks. By default, network port
enforcement is disabled.
--container_ports_watch_interval flag specifies the interval
between task port reconciliations.
--check_agent_port_range_only flag is specified, the isolator
will not kill tasks that listen on unallocated ports outside the range
of port resources the agent offers to tasks. This flag is required when
using the default Mesos executors or any custom executor that uses the
native Mesos Java or Python bindings since the native Mesos libraries
will always implicity listen on a socket. This flag should not be
required for custom executors that use the HTTP executor API.
The network ports isolator ignores tasks that belong to a CNI network since these tasks do not share the host network namespace.
The network ports isolator is not a secure mechanism for enforcing
port assignments. Since it periodically reconciles port assignments,
it is possible for a sufficiently malicious task to only listen
on unassigned ports between reconciliations. The reconciliation is
performed by the Mesos agent, so if the agent has been stopped, no
port assignments are enforced. Depending on the configuration, the
--check_agent_port_range_only flag could allow a malicious task to
intercept network requests.